Our patterns of negative thinking are often based on old, well-practiced, automatic cognitive routines (often repetitive). They are motivated (usually ineffectively) by the goal of escaping/avoiding distressing feelings or problematic life situations. These unhelpful routines persist because we remain in a cognitive mode characterized by a number of features.

I call these the 7 drivers of old habits of thinking:

  1. Living on “automatic pilot” (rather than with awareness and conscious choice).
  2. Relating to experience through thought (rather than directly sensing).
  3. Dwelling on and in the past and future (rather than being fully in the present moment).
  4. Trying to avoid, escape, or get rid of unpleasant experience (rather than approach it with interest).
  5. Needing things to be different from how they are (rather than allowing them to be just as they already are).
  6. Seeing thoughts as true and real (rather than as mental events that may or may not correspond to reality).
  7. Treating yourself harshly and unkindly (rather than taking care of yourself with kindness and compassion).

The good news is that we can learn how to step out of and stay out of these ruminative thought cycles. The first step is to be mindful (aware), let go. Letting go means reducing your involvement in these routines, freeing yourself from the need for things to be different, as this is precisely what drives the thinking patterns—it is the continued attempts to escape or avoid unpleasant moments that keep the old, negative cycles turning. These are exactly the skills that you can develop through the Mindful Mood Balance for Professionals and Three Minute Breathing Space online programs.  Big picture, the aim of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is freedom, not happiness or relaxation, although these may well be welcome by-products. 


As a rule, a general attitude of kindness and care help prevent the reinstatement of old habits of thinking by showing us that it is possible to approach unwanted experiences with a gentle curiosity and, in doing so, develop a different relationship to them.  Mindfulness is not just about paying (or shifting) attention but more about the quality of attention that is being paid. See what happens when you practice being kind to your experiences and gentle with yourself when old habits of mind threaten. Armed with these observations, you will be ideally positioned to take them into your clinical practice and work with your patients to help them relate to their experiences through a similar perspective.

Adapted from Segal et al., (2013). Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression.